Assignment 4 asks to look at some of the ways in which artists have integrated photography into their practice, makes six suggestions at possible options in this respect and invites to choose one and write a short essay on the relationship between the artworks, their artistic message and the use of photography within the art process, with particular regard to the main themes of time and place. Having done a preliminary research online, I shall be focusing my essay on David Hockney’s photocollages such as Pearl Blossom Highway 2 (1986) and My Mother, Bolton Abbey (1982).
Suggested topics (Creative Arts Today, page 177)
- Photography combined with text to produce combined narratives, such as those by Duane Michals (1932), an American photographer who is known for using sequences of photographs that often incorporate texts, as in his book Sequences (1970) in which text was handwritten beside the images to enrich and integrate photographic information (Wikipedia, Duane Michals)
I think photographs should be provocative and not tell you what you already know. It takes no great powers or magic to reproduce somebody’s face in a photograph. The magic is in seeing people in new ways.
—Duane Michals (www.lensculture.com)
The sequences make use of a cinematic frame-by-frame format. The texts do not so much explain what we see in the photographs, as they add ‘another dimension to the images’ meaning and give voice to Michals’s singular musings, which are poetic, tragic, and humorous, often all at once.’ (DCMoore Gallery)
- Accumulating photographs together as a way of producing a hybrid between film and still. La Jetée, a 1962 French science fiction short film by Chris Marker, is constructed almost entirely from still photographs and tells the story of a post-nuclear war experiment in time travel. The 1995 science-fiction film 12 Monkeys was inspired by and borrows several concepts directly from La Jetée.
A prisoner in the aftermath of World War III in post-apocalyptic Paris is obsessed by a memory from his pre-war childhood of a woman he had seen on the observation platform (“the jetty”) at Orly airport, hence the title. (Wikipedia, La Jetée)
- Andy Warhol‘s screen prints generated from photographs
The screenprinting process – an evolution from simple stenciling – and how it was successfully and efficiently used by Andy Warhol to make serial art is well explained on this page by revolverwarholgallery.com.
This act of undermining any translation or evidence of the artist’s hand in favor of a mass-produced, machine-like look appealed to Warhol. Once he discovered the process and implications of working with silk screens, the content of Warhol’s output as a painter became inextricably linked to the process by which he created his art. (Sotheby, 2013).
- Andy Goldsworthy‘s ephemeral sculptures which had been already briefly touched upon in Project 2.
Andy Goldsworthy (1956) is a British sculptor, photographer and environmentalist producing site-specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings. He lives and works in Scotland. (Wikipedia, Andy Godsworthy)
He keeps an artist website: http://www.goldsworthy.cc.gla.ac.uk/ and within it a section dedicated to his photography: http://www.goldsworthy.cc.gla.ac.uk/photography/ in which he explains why and how he uses photographs.
Here is a video about Goldsworthy’s work:
There are several books on Goldsworthy’s work, one of the latest is: Andy Goldsworthy – Ephemeral Works 2004-2014, Abrams, New York
‘That sense of ripping into an image, unveiling a surface, going through that surface into an unrevealed truth, is at the core of photomontage …The photojournalist goes out and takes the pictures; I sit in a room with the tools of my trade and try to pummel these pictures into revealing invisible connections, disconnecting them from direct representation into statement and argument … The point of my work is to use easily recognisable iconic images, but to render them unacceptable … After breaking them, to show new possibilities emerging in the cracks and splintered fragments of the old reality.’
from Peter Kennard’s website
With a career spanning almost 50 years, Peter Kennard is without doubt Britain’s most important political artist and its leading practitioner of photomontage. His adoption of the medium in the late 1960s restored an association with radical politics, and drew inspiration from the anti-Nazi montages of John Heartfield in the 1930s.
- On Duane Michals:
Dcmooregallery.com. (2016), ‘Duane Michals – Artists – DC Moore Gallery’ [online] At: http://www.dcmooregallery.com/artists/duane-michals/series/sequences (Accessed 5/06/2017)
Lensculture.com (2015) ‘Book Review/Storyteller: The Photographs of Duane Michals’ [online] At: https://www.lensculture.com/articles/duane-michals-storyteller-the-photographs-of-duane-michals-2 (Accessed 5/06/2017)
Wikipedia(2016). ‘Article Duane Michals’ [online] At: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duane_Michals (Accessed 5/06/2017)
- On La Jetée by Chris Marker:
Chris Marker.org (2016). ‘Chris Marker – Notes from the Era of Imperfect Memory.’ [online] At: http://chrismarker.org/ (Accessed 5/06/2017)
Vimeo (2016) https://vimeo.com/191131906 (Accessed 5/06/2017)
Wikipedia (2016). Article La Jetée. [online] At: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Jet%C3%A9e (Accessed 5/06/2017)
- On Andy Warhol‘s screen prints:
http://www.revolverwarholgallery (2016) ‘Andy Warhol Screenprints – The process and History’ [online] At: http://revolverwarholgallery.com/warhol-originals-andy-warhol-collection/ (Accessed 5/06/2017)
http://www.sothebys.com (2013) ‘Andy Warhol and His Process’ [online] At: http://www.sothebys.com/en/news-video/blogs/all-blogs/21-days-of-andy-warhol/2013/11/andy-warhol-and-his-process.html (Accessed 5/06/2017)
Youtube (2011) At: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CzrPmfaYcMM (Accessed 5/06/2017)
- On Andy Goldsworthy‘s ephemeral sculptures:
Abrams, New York: http://www.abramsbooks.com/product/andy-goldsworthy-ephemeral-works_9781419717796/ (Accessed 19/05/2017)
Goldsworthy, A. website at: http://www.goldsworthy.cc.gla.ac.uk/ (Accessed 19/05/2017)
Wikipedia (2017) article on Andy Goldsworthy [online] At: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andy_Goldsworthy (Accessed 19/05/2017)
Youtube (2015) Video on Andy Goldsworthy by xstuporman [online] At: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zz14M_pbzdU (Accessed 19/05/2017)
- On Peter Kennard‘s political collages:
Kennard, P. website at: http://www.peterkennard.com/main/home_set.htm (Accessed 19/05/2017)
Kerley, P. (2015) ‘Peter Kennard: A very unofficial war artist’ In: BBC News Magazine 14.05.2015 [online] At: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-32706845 (Accessed 19/05/2017)
Slocombe, R. (2015) ‘Protest and survive: why Peter Kennard is political dynamite’ In http://www.theguardian.com 1.05.2015 [online] At: https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2015/may/01/blair-selfie-peter-kennard-political-dynamite (Accessed 19/05/2017)