The first element: Plot

Key concepts and definitions

(from Creative Arts, page 72-72)

Story/narrative/plot: story is the ‘what’ (the subject), narrative is the ‘how’ (the structure), plot is the ‘why’ (the causality)

Aristotle defines plot as “the arrangement of the incidents” into three parts: a beginning, a middle and an end linked by necessity or causality —-> three-act drama


Examples of templates of dramatic structure in 3 parts (acts)


  1. The Pyramid template by Gustav Freytag. Freitag, a German novelist and playwright (1816-1895), analyzed the structure of ancient Greek and Shakespearean drama.

Figure 1 At: (Accessed 11.11.16)


2. The Monomyth, a concept developed by Joseph Campbell, (1904 – 1987) an American mythologist, writer and lecturer, in his book The Hero with a Thousand Faces first published in 1949. I have read this book a long time ago and found it extremely fascinating for the study of comparative mythology.

Figure 2 At: (Accessed 11.11.16)


3. The Writer’s Journey template by Christopher Vogler, a Hollywood development executive who was inspired by Joseph Campbell’s writings to write a very successful book aimed at screenwriters.



Campbell, J. (1968) The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press

Vogler, C. (1999) The Writer’s Journey: Mythic Structure for Writers (3rd edition). Studio City, CA: Michael Wiese’s_journey




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